Kenya lies in East Africa with a population of 48,461,567 people. Kenya was placed 145 of 187 countries in terms of human development index by the UN in 2015. Kenya is a highly imbalanced society in terms of income, gender, and geographical location. Poverty is highest in the arid and semi-arid areas that cover about 80% of the land inhabited by about 20% of the population. Rapid population growth is another major challenge further complicated by high unemployment rates especially among the youth. More than 70 per cent of Kenya’s population are below the age of 30 and the population under age 14 alone amounts to 43 percent.