Mozambique is a southern African nation, which gained independence from Portugal in 1975. It is still suffering from the effects of a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992. The discovery of gas fields off Mozambique’s coast in 2011 is set to transform the economy of one of Africa’s poorest nations. It has made great efforts in reducing poverty. However, with nearly 50 percent of the population still living in poverty, a lot of progress is yet required to eradicate poverty. Mozambique has a population of 29 million in the total area of 812,379 sq. km. Portuguese is the official language of the country while they also speak several indigenous languages.