Cameroon, situated in the central Africa, is home to more than 200 different linguistic groups and has a population of 23.5 million. It has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent. Its progress, however, is hindered by persistent problems of corruption. Cameroon has two distinct areas: the South and the North. Created in 1961 by the unification of two former colonies, one British and one French, the modern state of Cameroon has struggled to find peace and unity. It seems as if the North and the South are two different countries. The northern part, especially, is marginalized and deprived in many ways. More recently, the mainly Muslim far North has been drawn into the regional Islamist insurgency of Boko Haram.