Brazil is the largest country in South-America and is a former Portuguese colony. Brazil has a highly diverse population, which includes indigenous Americans, the descendants of African slaves and European settlers. Over the past few years, Brazil has come a long way to hoist millions from a state of poverty. The gap between rich and poor however remains wide. The country is suffering from high unemployment, political scandals and high inflation. Brazil has a population of 208 million spread across an area of 8.55m sq. km.