Venezuela ranks 71 in the 2013 UN Human Development Index. The country has some of the world’s largest oil deposits as well as huge quantities of minerals. Yet many Venezuelans live in poverty, often in shanty towns, some of which sprawl over the hillsides around the capital, Caracas. Venezuela has a population of 31.5 million spread across 881,050 sq. km. Spanish is the major language of the country.